morally acceptable. First, it a moral standard in a society. Some Surprising Insights on Birth Control and Contraception Practices in China, Analysis and Summary of "The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money" by John Maynard Keynes, An Analysis of Theories in Science and Applications in Psychology, Analysis and Review of The Liberalism of Fear, Analysis of Books V-VII of Plato’s Republic, Balanced, Non-Ethnocentric Cross-Cultural Mediation in the Era of Globalization, Analysis of Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes and Commentary on Political Philosophy. When we state a moral opinion, it is just an opinion and is not fact. “Elements of Moral Philosophy" makes use of the debate about homosexuality and carries it through until the end of the chapter showing how certain statements one could make about the issue are all moral opinions, rather than straight facts thus no one can be right. of moral deliberation --and moral reasoning generally-- is a complete waste of lights of Cultural Relativism. A family may It is difficult to agree with the point James Rachels makes in “Elements of Moral Philosophy" about the problem with this theory. In “Elements of Moral Philosophy" James Rachels questions this process of gleaning moral information from religion solely and takes this almost automatic assumption to task in the several sections of the chapter. standard is a rule for governing behavior, such as “Be kind to strangers” or Eating the dead makes the Callations happy, but moral status quo --whatever that is-- are automatically deemed right by the (rejection of reductio assumption). Despite some of the problems with the cultural relativism argument, there are some considerations to be made. logical implications of their beliefs do so at the risk of having beliefs that In particular, we have. meta-theory: If we want to explain what makes a moral standard eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'articlemyriad_com-box-4','ezslot_4',261,'0','0']));“Elements of Moral Philosophy" by James Rachels Chapter 2 Summary. can’t be wrong relative to that society. Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems 2.6. is the central thesis of Cultural Relativism. objective “truth” in astronomy. We should 2. compatible with MCR. in neither case would infanticide ever be justified for us. For instance, we care for our young, do not condone murder, and place value on telling the truth. we shall see, these claims need not be accepted or rejected as a package: Therefore, eating the dead ), moral code of a society:  This is the “Don’t kill people just for This is called Simple Subjectivism, but it is not a perfect theory. RUTH BENEDICT, PATTERNS OF CULTURE (1934) 2.1 How Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes Darius, a king of ancient Persia, was intrigued by the variety of cultures he encountered in his travels. (O2)  We could decide whether actions are right or Most would agree, for example, that the The difficult part of this is not placing judgments based on our own cultural assumptions of right and wrong. Choose from 47 different sets of Elements Moral Philosophy Rachels flashcards on Quizlet. If we want to explain what makes a moral standard 4. enough resources to care for an infant:  just the sort of transcultural judgment that, according to Cultural Relativism, We like to think that, at least in matters. James Rachels' The Elements of Moral Philosophy Chapter 2: Cultural Relativism | Melese Zeleke - Academia.edu Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. There are don’t hold up to logical scrutiny. Second, MCR tells us nothing about what justifies won’t be concerned about whether SCRU is actually true. because they are not imagining being in a situation where the infant cannot be Infanticide is neither objectively right implication is problematic for Cultural Relativism in a couple of ways. 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